The water is winding around the sorghum and the wind is blowing. During the summer heat season, the hot sun shines on the rushing Liuping River in Liping, Guizhou, as if telling the story of the long-running Red Army.
In the early morning of July 8, the completion ceremony of a new bridge on the Bazhou River in Shaozhai Village, Gaochun Town, Liping County, Guizhou Province, southeast Guizhou Miao and Dong Autonomous Prefecture was being held.
"Our people call this bridge the 'New Red Army Bridge.'" The villagers of Shaozhai Village told reporters that the "New Red Army Bridge" is located in the lower reaches of the original "Red Army Bridge", but in the hearts of the people in the township, the original "Red Army Bridge" status Can never be replaced.
In 1934, the Central Red Army broke through the Xiangjiang River, and there were Guishi warlords in front of it, followed by Jiang Junwei, but the enemy in the west was weak. In mid-December, the main force of the Red Army was divided into two roads, the South and the North, leaving the Hunan Passage and entering the Liping of eastern Fujian.
When the Central Red Army’s leading troops arrived at the bank of the Eight Boats, they found that the original wooden bridge had been blown up by the Kuomintang. While the Red Army went from house to house to do mass work, it raised wood and prepared to bridge the river.
Wu Zhihuan, a villager from Xiazhai Village, saw the Red Army open the warehouse of the rich man and distributed the millet to the poor. The pig of the rich man was killed and the cooked meat was given to the old man and the child. He determined that "the Red Army is the best team under the sun", so he found his younger brother and the young people in the village, and jumped into the bridge in the river with his door. Soon, the villagers and the Red Army built a simple wooden bridge. Before leaving, the Red Army gave a silver jewellery to Wu Zhihuan to express his gratitude.
"The Red Army of the Red Army has been through Liping, and the winter is welcoming the bridge. The team is going to cross the river, and the silver watch is a deep affection." After more than 80 years, this song has still been passed down from mouth to mouth.
Yi Tongjun, former director of the Party History Office of Liping County, told reporters that in some memoirs of the Red Army soldiers, Liping was called the "Twilight City." Indeed, after the Red Army entered Riping County, it moved to the dawn and ushered in the Chaoyang.
xxBefore the Liping meeting, after the Xiangjiang Campaign, the Central Red Army was reduced from more than 6,000 people from the Long March to more than 30,000. Is it going north to Xiangxi, and continuing to follow the instructions of the Communist International and the Red Second and Red Sixth Army? Or go west to Guizhou, end the wrong military route, and open up a strategic route? In the exhibition hall of the Liping Conference Memorial Hall, on the Red Army Long March road map, two red arrows indicate the different direction of the year.
On December 18, 1934, the Party Central Committee held a meeting of the Politburo in Liping to continue discussions on the marching line and strategic guidelines of the Red Army. At the meeting, Li De strongly insisted on going north, meeting with the Red Two and Red Six Army Corps, completely ignoring the danger of falling into the enemy trap. Mao Zedong advocated abandoning the meeting and proposed that the Central Red Army continue to move westward and create a new base in Sichuan and Chongqing. In the end, the meeting adopted Mao Zedong’s proposal and made a decision on establishing a new base area along the Sichuan-Yunnan border, realizing the first transformation of the Red Army’s long-term strategy.
In Liping, the Red Army carried out a major reorganization and incorporated the Eighth Army into the Fifth Army. Since then, the Red Army has entered the hinterland of Guizhou, and it is like a broken bamboo.
"CPC Central Committee convened a meeting of the Central Political Bureau meeting Liping in Liping, identified strategic turn soldiers Liping turn soldiers, were reorganized Liping big reorganization." Yi said with the military, Liping conference formed a "daring new path, dare The essence of "three dare spirits" that breaks through and dares to win is to emancipate the mind and seek truth from facts.
The revolutionary relics are still here, and the spirit of the Red Army is passed down from generation to generation. Standing in front of the bluestone brick wall of the Liping Conference Memorial Hall, Yi Tongjun said: "In recent years, under the guidance of the 'Three Dare Spirits', Li Ping people dare to take a new road, take advantage of the situation, and catch up with the big data. The five key areas of big health, big culture, big tourism, and big agriculture, and write a new chapter of the era of transformation and development.”xx